The great view to salvation is the first thing that comes to mind when Luke’s Gospel is considered with the third evangelist introducing this in the first two chapters of his Gospel. However, that the judgement of God also plays a considerable role in Luke is shown by Jens Gillner in this volume. Within New Testament research, each of the pertinent texts has been looked at closely. For the first time, however, the view is taken here that the theme of God’s punishment is a most influential one in Luke’s soteriology. The author pursues the following three key questions in his study: How does Luke introduce the subject of God’s punishment? What end does he seek with talk of this subject? And how do the promise of salvation and the threat of God’s judgement relate to one another in the third Gospel? Gillner closes by taking a look at Paul’s declaration of the judgement in the Areopagus Speech in Acts 17,30f.